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Aug 16 2018 22:59 EST

British Provincial Tokens of the late Eighteenth Century


January 10, 2015 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Europe



EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 61,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT MACCLESFIELD LIVERPOOL OR CONGLETON”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 1,030,000
DIESINKER: John G. Hancock   MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock
EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: Jean Pierre Droz    MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT CLACHAR & CO’S CHELMSFORD ESSEX.”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

1794 Hampshire 12c Obv.jpg (247436 bytes)1794 HAMPSHIRE Emsworth HALFPENNY TOKEN1794 Hampshire 12c Rev.jpg (254802 bytes)
1794Prooflike AUD&H – 12c

 

EDGE: “CURRENT EVERY WHERE –•–  –•–  –•–“
Not intended for general circulation – Issued by John Stride
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
This token is a mule of the reverse of D&H Hampshire 10, here used as the obverse and the reverse of D&H Hampshire 11.  It may have originally been intended that these mules would be sold to collectors, but as a large number exits it seems that they were sold to merchants and entered circulation.
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT HIS OFFICE NEWPORT.”
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: William Mainwaring    MANUFACTURER: William Mainwaring
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT THE OFFICE OF W. TAYLOR R. V. MOODY & CO.”
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: Rambert Dumarest    MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton
EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500
DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche
ex Don Rupp Collection, purchased in October 2004
ex Guilford Courthouse Collection, sold August 2004
ex Jerry Bobbe Collection, sold at Cincinnati EAC Auction April 1999
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT BISHOPS STORTFORD.”
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: Conrad Heinrich Kuchler   MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton
EDGE: “PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 20,600
DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche
The town of Faversham was a summer resort for medieval royalty from early medieval times and the sea has always been an important part of its existence, thus the appearance of the medieval sloop on the obverse of this token.  Because of its importance to kings of old, Faversham was granted the unique honor of being allowed to use the Royal Arms as its City Arms.  King Stephen is buried at Faversham Abbey.  The Cinque Ports were established in 1155 and granted privileges in exchange for their service during times of war.
EDGE: “PAYABLE BY HENRY OLIVERS ++”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500
DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: C
EDGE: “PAYABLE IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL.”
EDGE: “PAYABLE.IN.LANCASTER.LIVERPOOL.&.MANCHESTER.”
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: Ponthon     MANUFACTURER: Matthew Boulton
EDGE: “PAYABLE BY THOMAS BALL SLEAFORD +.+.+.+.”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500
DIESINKER: Roger Dixon    MANUFACTURER: Roger Dixon
Thomas Ball was a grocer and ironmonger in Sleaford.
Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens” states that this token is of interest in that it is made from two old dies that were used for other tokens.
This token is of further interest in that is has been counterstamped “STAINTON” on the obverse.
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT T. IENNING’S SPALDING & HOLBEACH -X-“
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
Listed as SCARCE in Dalton & Hamer
Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens” states: Mintage 51,500, but only a few of No. 4 as the die broke.
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSES OF D. WRIGHT & S. PALMER X”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSES OF D. WRIGHT & S. PALMER X”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 2,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT THE HOUSE OF T & R DAVIDSONS”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500
DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: Thomas Dobbs

Middlesex 319c Obv.jpg (292524 bytes)MIDDLESEX Hall’s HALFPENNY TOKENMiddlesex 319c Rev.jpg (285149 bytes)
Not DatedAUD&H – 319c

 

EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 56,600
DIESINKER: Roger Dixon     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche
EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation
The obverse of this token depicts Fortune standing in front of two lottery wheels and bears the inscription “NOTHING VENTURE NOTHING HAVE.”  One might assume that the similar modern phrase is derived from this saying.  The reverse records the winning number in Richardson’s previous lottery and the prize of £30,000.
EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation
 DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Skidmore

1793 Middlesex Spence 833a Obv.jpg (152971 bytes)1795 MIDDLESEX Spence’s HALFPENNY TOKEN1793 Middlesex Spence 833a Rev.jpg (131489 bytes)
1793NGC MS-63 BND&H – 833a

 

EDGE: Plain
Not intended for general circulation  –  Issued by Thomas Spence, a London coin dealer.
MANUFACTURER: Peter Kimpson
The inscription “END OF PAIN” is a pun on Thomas Paine, who was hated by most Englishmen of the 1790s. The designer is suggesting that the obverse scene would in fact be a welcome end to Thomas Paine.  The inscription “THE WRONGS OF MAN” is an obvious jab at Paine’s book “The Rights of Man” which was published in 1791. The date on the right leaf of the book 21 January 1793 is the date that King Louis XVI of France was executed. The suggestion here is that Paine’s ideas lead to the death of the King of France and would do the same for the King of England if his ideas were to gain a following there.
This token is attributed to Thomas Spence by Dalton & Hamer, however it seems most unlikely that Spence an ardent follower of Thomas Paine would have issued a token of this nature.
EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation
James Spittle, was a cheesemonger loctaed at No.6 Broadway, Blackfriars, London.
EDGE: Plain
Issued for general sale – MINTAGE: 15,500
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Skidmore
Listed as R in Dalton & Hamer
EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation
EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation
EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation

1795 Middlesex 1039 Obv.jpg (127485 bytes)MIDDLESEXPolitical & Social Series
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1795 Middlesex 1039 Rev.jpg (131209 bytes)
c. 1795VFD&H – 1039d

 

EDGE: Plain

1796 Middlesex Obv.jpg (127820 bytes)MIDDLESEXSkidmore
FARTHING TOKEN
1796 Middlesex Rev.jpg (122154 bytes)
1796VFD&H – 1127

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation   –  Sold by Peter Skidmore, a London coin dealer.

1793 Norwich Obv.jpg (180280 bytes)NORFOLKNorwich
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793 Norwich Rev.jpg (189559 bytes)
1793VFD&H – 20

 

EDGE: “CURRENT EVERY WHERE”
Issued for general circulation

Oxfordshire 1 Obv.jpg (118488 bytes)OXFORDSHIREBanbury
HALFPENNY TOKEN
Oxfordshire 1 Rev.jpg (128354 bytes)
Not DatedEFD&H – 1

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT BANBURY OXFORD OR READING”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

1792 Shropshire Token Obv.jpg (70397 bytes)SHROPSHIRECoalbrook Dale
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1792 Shropshire Token Rev.jpg (71644 bytes)
1795VFD&H – 10

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT COALBROOK-DALE AND KETLEY”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 309,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
PIGGOT’s DIRECTORY 1822 – “COALBROOK-DALE situated about two miles from Madeley, is a winding glen, between two vast hills which break into various forms with beautiful hanging woods. Here and in the neighbourhood, are the most considerable iron works in England;  the forges mills and steam engines with all their vast machinery, the flaming furnaces, and smoking lime kilns, form. a spectacle, horribly sublime; while the stupendous iron arch, striding over the Severn, gives these scenes a yet nearer resemblance to the ideas in romance. This famous bridge was built in the year 1779, the whole having been previously cast in open sand; all the principal parts were erected in three months, without any accident to the work or workmen, or the least obstruction to the navigation of the river.”
  Click thumbnail to view a photograph of the Ironbridge as it looks today
The inclined plane at Ketley was built in 1789.  It was designed to allow boats transit of the Ketley Canal which rose some 73 feet.  In the space provided, a system of locks was not practical, thus the inclined plane was devised.  It worked using a self balance system by which full boats going down would pull empty boats up.  It was closed in 1818.

1793 Shropshire Obv.jpg (189463 bytes)SHROPSHIREShrewsbury
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793 Shropshire Rev.jpg (179939 bytes)
1793VFD&H – 20

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT SHREWSBURY + +”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 515,000
DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock
Listed as R in Dalton & Hamer

Somersetshire 26 Obv.jpg (110731 bytes)SOMERSETSHIREBath
HALFPENNY TOKEN
Somersetshire 26 Rev.jpg (113698 bytes)
1794AUD&H – 26

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 51,500
DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

1794 Somersetshire Obv.jpg (189758 bytes)SOMERSETSHIREBath
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1794 Somersetshire Rev.jpg (177758 bytes)
1794EFD&H – 34

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT W. GYE’S PRINTER BATH x . x “
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 41,200
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

1794 Somerset Token Obv.jpg (66065 bytes)SOMERSETSHIREBath
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1794 Somerset Token Rev.jpg (77682 bytes)
1794EFD&H – 50

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE BY   M. LAMBE & SON.”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000
DIESINKER: Arnold     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche
Mary Lambe & Son – Tea Dealers & Grocers of Stall Street Bath.  The use of the camel in late Eighteenth Century art was a common one owing to the first major European explorations of the Near East during that period.  It was intended to convey a feel of the exotic on the part of the viewer, it this case the exotic teas, coffee and spices offered by Ms. Lambe.   The building shown on the reverse of this token is the Old East India House located at Leadenhall Street, London, it was built in 1729.  India House was the headquarters of the East India Company which ruled British India until 1858, it was demolished in 1800 to make room for the New East India House.  Again this motif was intended to suggest the exotic imports of the East.
India House.jpg (34392 bytes) Click thumbnail to view a period print of India House

1793 Somersetshire Obv.jpg (171297 bytes)SOMERSETSHIREBristol
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793 Somersetshire Rev.jpg (186387 bytes)
1793VFD&H – 89

 

EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000
DIESINKER: John G. Hancock    MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

Suffolk 26 Obv.jpg (216434 bytes)SUFFOLKBury 
HALFPENNY TOKEN
Suffolk 26 Rev.jpg (217939 bytes)
Not DatedEFD&H – 26

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT P. DECKS POST OFFICE BURY .XX.”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

1794 Suffolk 35 Obv.jpg (295612 bytes)SUFFOLKIpswich 
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1794 Suffolk 35 Rev.jpg (318268 bytes)
1794CH. AUD&H – 35

 

EDGE: Milled
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon     MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson
“James Conder was a linen draper at Tavern Street, Ipswich. He was an ardent collector of tokens and the author of the standard work on the subject until it was superseded by that of Atkins in 1892. This is therefore the origin of the generic name of Conder Tokens for these pieces.”   David Stuart

1794 Sussex 15 Obv.jpg (180756 bytes)SUSSEXChichester
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1794 Sussex 15 Rev.jpg (178008 bytes)
1794VFD&H – 15

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT DALLYS CHICHESTER”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

1796 Sussex Obv.jpg (176130 bytes)SUSSEXEastbourne
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1796 Sussex Rev.jpg (167896 bytes)
1796NGC AU-58D&H – 21

 

EDGE: “CELEBRATED FOR PURE AIR & SEA BATHING . + . + “
Issued for general circulation
MANUFACTURER: James Good

1792 Warwickshire 145 Obv.jpg (173087 bytes)WARWICKSHIREBirmingham
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1792 Warwickshire 145 Rev.jpg (191883 bytes)
1792VFD&H – 145

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT H. HICKMANS WAREHOUSE BIRMINGHAM”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: William Mainwaring     MANUFACTURER: William Mainwaring
Listed as RRR in Dalton & Hamer
Notes On Eighteenth Century Tokens” calls it “very rare.”

1793 Warwickshire 175 Obv.jpg (148895 bytes)WARWICKSHIREKimpson’s
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793 Warwickshire 175 Rev.jpg (139929 bytes)
NOT DATEDProoflike BUD&H – 175

 

EDGE: Plain
Not intended for general circulation  –  Issued by Peter Kimpson, a Birmingham button maker
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

1792 Warwickshire 205 Obv.jpg (188794 bytes)WARWICKSHIREKimpson’s
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1792 Warwickshire 205 Rev.jpg (170790 bytes)
1792PROOFD&H – 205

 

EDGE: Plain
Not intended for general circulation  –  Issued by Peter Kimpson, a Birmingham button maker
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

Warwickshire 231 Obv.jpg (211251 bytes)WARWICKSHIRECoventry
HALFPENNY TOKEN
Warwickshire 231 Rev.jpg (203754 bytes)
1792VFD&H – 231

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF ROBERT REYNOLDS & CO.”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 515,000
DIESINKER: William Mainwaring     MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche
WARWICKSHIRECoventry
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793VFD&H – 242
EDGE: “PAYABLE AT BEDWORTH HINKLEY OR NUNEATON”
Contemporary Forgery
WARWICKSHIREWilkinson
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793VFD&H – 393
EDGE: “WILLEY SNEDSHILL BERSHAM BRADLEY”
Issued for general circulation
DIESINKER: John G. Hancock     MANUFACTURER: John G. Hancock

Warwickshire Farthing Obv.jpg (126498 bytes)WARWICKSHIREBirmingham
FARTHING TOKEN
Warwickshire Farthing Rev.jpg (127748 bytes)
NOT DATEDNGC MS 62 BND&H – 482

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,450
DIESINKER: Ponthon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

1793 Yorkshire Obv.jpg (174376 bytes)YORKSHIREYork
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1793 Yorkshire Rev.jpg (194282 bytes)
1795EFD&H – 63

 

EDGE: ” + YORK BUILT A.M. 1223. CATHEDRAL REBUILT A.D. 1075″
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: Roger Dixon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche

WELSH TOKENS:

1793 North Wales Obv.jpg (191812 bytes)NORTH WALESHALFPENNY TOKEN1793 North Wales Rev.jpg (178638 bytes)
1793
EF
D&H – 1b

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE IN LONDON BRISTOL & LANCASTER”
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 103,000
DIESINKER: Thomas Wyon    MANUFACTURER: William Lutwyche & Peter Kempson

1794 North Wales Obv.jpg (170459 bytes)NORTH WALESHALFPENNY TOKEN1794 North Wales Rev.jpg (179206 bytes)
1794VFD&H – 12

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 25,750
DIESINKER: Benjamin Patrick    MANUFACTURER: Samuel Waring

1793 Pembrokeshire Obv.jpg (125899 bytes)PEMBROKESHIRESaint David’s
FARTHING TOKEN
1793 Pembrokeshire Rev.jpg (127950 bytes)
1793VFD&H – 1

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation

SCOTTISH TOKENS:

1801 Angusshire Obv.jpg (173548 bytes)ANGUSSHIREBrechin
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1801 Angusshire Rev.jpg (176320 bytes)
1801VFD&H – 8

 

EDGE: Plain
Issued for general circulation      MINTAGE: 15,500
DIESINKER: Thomas Willets    MANUFACTURER: Peter Kempson

1796 Lothain Obv.jpg (167951 bytes)LOTHIANEdinburgh
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1796 Lothain Rev.jpg (179348 bytes)
1796VFD&H – 1

 

EDGE: Plain

1791 Lothain Obv.jpg (187627 bytes)LOTHIANEdinburgh
HALFPENNY TOKEN
1791 Lothain Rev.jpg (188727 bytes)
1791VFD&H – 38

 

EDGE: “PAYABLE . AT EDINBURGH GLASGOW & DUMFRIES – x – “

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