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Sep 18 2018 09:14 EST

Hyderabad (Haydarabad) coins

May 25, 2015 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Princely States

English: I have scanned this picture from a co...

English: I have scanned this picture from a copy of Farhan Nizam, a Persian dictionary published in Haydarabad, India in 1926. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hyderabad State, the largest Indian State and the last remnant of Mughal suzerainty in South or Central India, traced its foundation to Nizam-ul Mulk, the Mughal viceroy in the Deccan. From about 1724 the first nizam, as the rulers of Hyderabad came to be called, took advantage of Mughal decline in the North to assert an all but ceremonial independence of the emperor. The East India Company defeated Hyderabad’s natural enemies, the Muslim rulers of
Mysore and the Marathas, with the help of troops furnished under alliances between them and the Nizam. This formed the beginning of a relationship, which persisted for a century and a half until India’s Independence.
Capital: Aurangabad (1724-1763) and later Hyderabad (1763-1948). Hyderabad was the premier Princely State, with a population (in 1935) of fourteen and a half million. It was not absorbed into the Indian Union until 1948. Hyderabad City is located beside Golkonda, the citadel of the Qutb Shahi sultans until they were overthrown by Aurangzeb in 1687. A beautifully located city on the bank of the Musi river, the mint epithet was appropriately Farkhanda Bunyad, “of happy foundation”. Hyderabad exercised authority over a number of feudatories
or samasthans. Some of these, such as Gadwal and Shorapur, paid tribute to both the Nizam and the Marathas. These feudatories were generally in the hands of local rajas whose ancestry predated the establishment of Hyderabad State. There were also many mints in the State, both private and government. There was little or no standardization of the purity of silver coinage until the 20th century. At least one banker, Pestonji Meherji by name, was distinguished by minting his own coins.
Hyderabad was located in the south-central region of the Indian subcontinent, and was ruled, from 1724 until 1948, by a hereditary Nizam. The capital city was Hyderabad. The region became part of the Mughal Empire in the 1680s. When the empire began to weaken in the 18th century, a Mughal official, Asif Jah, defeated a rival Mughal governor to seize control of the empire’s southern provinces, declaring himself Nizam-al-Mulk of Hyderabad in 1724. The Mughal emperor, under renewed attack from the Marathas, was unable to prevent it. From 1798 Hyderabad was one of the princely states existing alongside British India. It had ceded to the British the control of its external relations but retained control of its internal affairs. In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India, to form the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1947, at the time of the partition of India and the formation of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, the then Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, decided not to join either new nation. However, the following year, the Government of India incorporated Hyderabad into the Indian Union, using military force, in what was known as Operation Polo, led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
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     1512 - 1687           Part of the Kingdom of Golkonda.
1687           Part of the Mughal Empire till 1798.
20 Jun 1720           Mughal governor with style Nizam al-Molk establishes
a quasi-independent state.
07 Dec 1724           Haydarabad made capital of the state.
12 Nov 1766           British protectorate (and again on 22 Aug 1809).
Subsidiary Alliance with the British East India Company.
Princely state of the British Indian Empire till 1947.
15 Aug 1947           Nizam refuses to accede to India or Pakistan.
17 Sep 1948           India occupies Haydarabad militarily.
24 Nov 1949           Accession to India agreed to as of Indian Republic Day,
effective 26 Jan 1950.