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Jan 16 2018 16:44 EST

1901 ONE 1 RUPEE SILVER COIN VICTORIA EMPRESS BRITISH INDIA

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1901 ONE 1 RUPEE SILVER COIN VICTORIA EMPRESS BRITISH INDIA
British India coinage under Victoria 1862-1901.
At his death, William IV had no surviving legitimate children, though he was survived by eight of the ten illegitimate children he had by the actress Dorothea Jordan, with whom he cohabited for 20 years. William was succeeded in the United Kingdom by his niece, Victoria. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was born at Kensington palace in London on 24 May 1819. She started the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 01 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the only child of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III and Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg. Both the Duke of Kent and the King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18 after her father’s three elder brothers died without surviving legitimate issue. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the Sovereign held relatively few direct political powers. Privately, she attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Publicly, she became a national icon, and was identified with strict standards of personal morality. She married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. Their 9 children and 26 of their 34 grandchildren who survived childhood married into royal and noble families across the European monarchy continent, tying them together and earning her the nickname “the grandmother of Europe”. After Albert’s death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration. Her reign of 63 years and 7 months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover; her son and successor King Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
After the Indian Mutiny in 1857, the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown and in 1877, Victoria became Empress of India. Her empire also included Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, and large parts of Africa. The coins issued after 1840 bore the portrait of Queen Victoria. The first coinage under the crown was issued in 1862 and in 1877 Queen Victoria assumed the title the Empress of India.
  • Governor General and Viceroy of India 1858-1901
  • As East India Company was dissolved on 30 Oct 1858, Queen Victoria became the ruler of British India until her death on 22 Jan 1901.
  • Charles John Canning, Viscount Canning………………01 Nov 1858 – 21 Mar 1862
  • From 1859, he was known as Charles John Canning, Earl Canning.
  • James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin (I)………………….21 Mar 1862 – 20 Nov 1863
  • Sir Robert Cornelis Napier (acting)…………………21 Nov 1863 – 02 Dec 1863
  • He was known as Baron Napier of Magdala
  • Sir William Thomas Denison (acting)…………………02 Dec 1863 – 12 Jan 1864
  • Sir John Laird Mair (Lord) Lawrence…………………12 Jan 1864 – 12 Jan 1869
  • Richard Southwell Bourke, Earl of Mayo………………12 Jan 1869 – 08 Feb 1872
  • Sir John Strachey (acting)…………………………09 Feb 1872 – 23 Feb 1872
  • Francis Napier, Baron of Ettrick (acting)……………24 Feb 1872 – 03 May 1872
  • He was known as Lord Napier of Merchistoun
  • Thomas George Baring, Viscount Baring of Lee…………03 May 1872 – 12 Apr 1876
  • He was known as  Baron Earl of Northbrook
  • Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Baron Lytton………………….12 Apr 1876 – 08 Jun 1880
  • He was known as Baron, 1st Earl of Lytton I
  • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, Marquess of Ripon…..08 Jan 1880 – 13 Dec 1884
  • Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood…………………13 Dec 1884 – 10 Dec 1888
  • He was known as Earl of Dufferin (Marquess of Dufferin and Ava)
  • Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne……….10 Dec 1888 – 11 Oct 1894
  • Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin (II)……….11 Oct 1894 – 06 Jan 1899
  • George Nathaniel (Baron Marquess) Curzon of Kedleston…06 Jan 1899 – 18 Nov 1905

Year: 1901. Weight: 11.47g. Mint:Kolkata (Calcutta). Mintage:72,016,887 (including other varieties).

Type C bust, type I flower design without dot =

1901 C/I “C” incuse.

 


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