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Jun 22 2018 16:59 EST

Khengarji III (1875 - 1942) coin Y#33 Dokdo (1/8 Kori). Year: VS1944 (1888)

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Y#33 Dokdo (1/8 Kori). Year: VS1944 (1888). Weight: 19.91g [20.00g]. Metal:Copper. Diameter: 32.50 mm. Edge: Plain.Alignment: Coin. Mint: Bhuj. Obverse:“Victoria Qaiser-i-Hind” (Victoria, Queen of India), “Zarb Bhuj” (Mint: Bhuj) written in outer circular form. Date and mint mark in the center. Reverse: Date below trident (trishul) in center and legends around.Mintage: N/A. Minted Years: VS1940 (1883), VS1942 (1885), VS1942 (1886), VS1944 (1887) and VS1944 (1888). Ruler:Khengarji III.

 

Kutch (Cutch)
Kutch is a district on the coastal portion of the India/Pakistan frontier, to a large extent involving an extensive salt-flats (the Great Rann of Kutch) adjacent to the Gulf of Kutch, an arm of the Arabian Sea extending toward Gujarat. At the time of Alexander’s invasion (4th century BCE) the Rann was a shallow but navigable lake, but subsequent centuries of silting have made a mud flat of it, and settlement within the Rann is limited to what hills are present. The Royal House of Cutch (or Kutch) belongs to the Jadeja clan of Rajputs. The founder of the family, prince Lakho, had been adopted by his uncle, a Samma chieftain named Jada. Leaving Sind, after the birth of a natural son to this adopted father, Lakho migrated to the marshlands of western Gujarat. There, with the help of his twin brother Lakhiar, he established his principality in 1147. Maharao Khengarji, the head of the Jadeja clan, consolidated his territories in 1549 and established his capital at Bhuj. Area: 21,365 km2.
  • In Vikram Samvat 683, present day Egypt was called Misr. One of the states in Misr was Sonitpur, which was ruled by Jam Devendra Sama. His forefathers were given the title of ‘Jam’ by the emperor of Iran. In that year Shonitpur was attacked by Omar Khalifa, and King Devendra was defeated in that battle of Sonitpur. Omar Khalifa offered the eldest son Aspat of Devendra the throne of Sonitpur with the condition that Aspat will have to convert to Islam. Aspat converted to Islam and became king of Sonitpur, however his three brothers Gajpat, Narpat and Bhupat refused to convert and they migrated to present day Afghanistan. They captured Gazni by defeating King Firozshah and Jam Narpat was made King of Gazni. He ruled a major part of Afaghanistan from Gazni for 18 years. After that in a war with Badshah of Kabul, he was defeated and he became a Martyr. His son Samaji migrated to present day Sindh in Pakistan. They were all called “Sama” Rajputs at that time. The Kings of Sama Rajputs were called Jam, since then many generations of Samma Dynasty Rajputs ruled Sindh. Their capital was “Sama Nagar” or Nagar Thaththa which is about 100 km from Karachi.
  • CHAVADA RAJPUT
  • Jado (1st Jam)
  • The dominant races in Kutch previous to the 9th century of Christian era were the Chavda, Kathees and Waghela, they ruled the western, central and the eastern parts of Kutch respectively. The reigning Prince of Nagar Thatta in Sindh towards the end of 8th century AD was Lakho Ghuraro. He had eight sons by two wives, the eldest son being Unad from the first wife and the other being Mod by a wife from Chawda tribe. As Unad was the eldest, he succeeded the throne by virtue of his primogeniture. Shortly afterwards brothers Mod and Manai started planning against the life of Unad in order to usurp his throne. However they did not succeed and found it necessary to go into exile with their followers to Kutch where they had maternal relations with the Chawda tribe. This was the first historically noted foray of Samma Rajputs of Sind in Kutch.After arrival in Kutch, Mod had a dispute with his maternal Uncle Chawda Whagum, The ruler of Eastern Kutch, and was killed by Mod, thereafter, Mod assumed the sovereignty of the province. There is no concrete information available for the period that followed except the names of the rulers up to five generations. They were Jam Mod, Jam Saad, Jam Phool, Jam Lakho Phoolani and Jam Pooeronjee. It is important to note here that Lakho Phoolani is the most revered and cherished warrior in the history of Kutch and Saurashtra. Jam Pooeronjee was a very cruel ruler and created despair and apathy among his dominion until he was killed by Jakhs. During this time the direct descendents of Jam Unad in Nagar Thatta Sindh was Jam Jada, as he did not have any legitimate heir to the throne he adopted his brothers son Lakho, however, after adopting Lakho, Jam Jadas wife gave birth to a child named Ghao, As Jam Jada had already adopted lakho, he decided to divide his dominion equally among both his legitimate son Ghao and adopted son Lakho, however after the demise of Jam Jada, Ghao refused to give any share to Lakho and was forced to leave Sindh with his twin brother Lakhiar and well wishers. Lakho and Lakhiar ventured into Kutch and slowly regained the territories in control of Chavdas, as Lakhiar was childless, Lakho named his territory after his brother and called it Lakhiarviro. Lakho was adopted by Jam Jada, the descendants of this Lakho Jadani were called Jadejas. The name Jadeja means “Belonging to Jada” in the Sindhi and Kutchi language and is pronounced as “Jaa day jaa.
  • Lakho Jadani………………………………………..1147 – 1175
  • Jam Lakho Jadani is attributed to the surname Jadeja being adopted for all his descendants. Lakho Jadani reigned in Kutch between AD 1147–1175 and had one heir to the gaddi (throne), Jam Rato Raydhan.
  • Ratto Rayadhan………………………………………1175 – 1215
  • Ratto means Red in Kutchi and he was so called because he used to tie a red cloth across his turban to prevent it from dislodging during battles. Jam Ratto Raydhan had four sons namely, Jam Othaji, Dedaji, Hothiji and Gajanji and they were given the territories of Lakhirviro, Kanthkot, Gajod and Bara respectively in Kutch.
  • Othoji……………………………………………..1215 – 1255
  • As Othaji was the eldest he ascended to the throne and the rest became a part of Bhayyat or the Brotherhood. Bhayyat is the term used for all the descendants of the royal family who own and control their own domains allocated to them within the state and adhere to the feudal system.
  • Gaoji………………………………………………1255 – 1285
  • Vahenji…………………………………………….1285 – 1321
  • SAMMA RAJPUT
  • Murvoji…………………………………………….1321 – 1347
  • Kaiyaji…………………………………………….1347 – 1386
  • Amarji……………………………………………..1386 – 1429
  • Bheemji…………………………………………….1429 – 1472
  • Hamirji…………………………………………….1472 – 1510
  • Over the years, there were constant skirmishes due to jealousy that marred within these houses, until they merged in two groups of Othaji and Gajanji. The first incident among these which changed the history of Kutch is the murder of Jam Hamirji of Lakhiarviro, chief of eldest branch of Jadeja and descendant of Othaji, by Jam Rawal of Bara. It is believed that Jam Rawal attributed the murder of his father Jam Lakhaji to Hamirji, as he was killed within the territory of Lakhiarviro, and on the pretense of resolving the dispute between the two branches, took a fake oath of Ashapura Mataji, the supreme deity of Jadejas, invited Hamirji for a meal and killed him by deceit. During this time Alioji and Khengarji, two sons of Hamirji were in Ahmedabad and escaped the complete destruction of the royal family perpetuated by Jam Rawal, thereafter Jam Rawal usurped the throne of Kutch and reigned with supreme authority. Khengarji was 15 years old when his father was murdered, he enlisted in to the army of Mahmud Begada, during one Royal Hunting party, Khengar killed a lion and saved the life of Sultan for which he was asked to name his reward, the prime ambition of Khengar was to regain Kutch and hence he asked for support to fight Jam Rawal, whereby, he was given 1000 soldiers and complete access to Morvi and given a title of Rao by the sultan Mohamad of Ahmedabad. Rao Khengar with the support of well wishers within Kutch and Morvi fought with Jam Rawal and slowly started gaining the territories of Rapar and nearby villages, as Khengar was the rightful heir to the throne he was welcomed and dissent towards Jam Rawal grew within the state of Kutch. Jam Rawal was ardent devotee of Maa Ashapura, it is believed that the Goddess indicated Jam Rawal to leave Kutch and establish himself at Halar (Saurashtra), and that she will support him in this venture. Jam Rawal set out for Saurashtra and established himself at Nawanagar. Khengar became the 1st Rao of Kutch in AD 1549 and established Bhuj as Capital.
  • Khengarji I S/o Hamirji (1st Rao)……………………..1510 – 1586
  • Bharmalji I S/o Khengarji I…………………………..1586 – 1632
  • Bhojrajji S/o Bharmalji I…………………………….1632 – 1645
  • Khengarji II S/o Meghji Bharmalji……………………..1645 – 1654
  • Meghji Bharmalji was Bhojrajji’s younger brother. The first four Raos of Kutch ascended the throne in regular succession according to primogeniture, however after Rao Khengarji II died, there was a break in succession, and in order to prevent the throne being given to Khengarjis illegitimate son, the Bhayyat instated Tamachiji who was the second son of Rao Khengarjis brother.
  • Tamachiji S/o Bhojrajji………………………………1655 – 1666
  • Rayadhanji I S/o Tamachiji……………………………1666 – 1698
  • JADEJA
  • Jadeja belong to the Yaduvanshi rajputs or Chandravanshi (Moon Dynasty) rajputs. They are one of the 36 royal dynasties of old tracing their origins to Lord Krishna. They ruled huge parts of Kathiawar peninsula and Kutch until India’s independence in 1947.
  • Pragmalji I S/o Rayadhanji I (1st Maharao)……………..1698 – 1715
  • Gohodaji I S/o Pragmalji I……………………………1715 – 1719
  • Deshalji I S/o Gohodaji I…………………………….1719 – 1741
  • Lakhpatji S/o Deshalji I……………………………..1741 – 1761
  • Gohodaji II S/o Lakhpatji…………………………….1761 – 1778
  • Rayadhanji II S/o Gohodaji II (1st time)……………….1778 – 1786
  • Prithvirajsinhji S/o Gohodaji II………………………1786 – 1801
    • Fath Mohammad (regent)…………………………..1786 – 05 Oct 1813
  • Rayadhanji II S/o Gohodaji II (2nd time)……………….1801 – 30 Oct 1813
  • Great Britain……………………………………Nov 1815 – 15 Aug 1947
  • Kutch became British protectorate in Nov 1815.
    • Bharmalji II S/o Rayadhanji II……………..06 Nov 1813 – 25 Mar 1819
      • Husain Miyan (regent)……………………Oct 1813 – 1814
    • Deshalji II S/o Bharmalji II……………….25 Mar 1819 – 26 Jul 1860
      • MacMurdo (regent)…………………….25 Mar 1819 – 08 Jul 1834
      • Pragmalji II S/o Deshalji II (regent)……..Jul 1849 – 26 Jul 1960
    • Pragmalji II S/o Deshalji II……………….26 Jul 1860 – 19 Dec 1875
    • Khengarji III S/o Pragmalji II……………..19 Dec 1875 – 15 Jan 1942
    • Full name: Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Sri Sir Khengarji III Sawai Bahadur, GCSI, GCIE, KIH. During the latter part of Queen Victoria’s reign, Sir Khengarji came to be appointed as an aide de camp to the Queen-Empress in her declining years, which excited some jealousy amongst the officials of the Government of India. He often traveled abroad to Europe, and was noted for his personal relations with the members of the ruling houses there. Khengarji III was one of the very few Indian monarchs to attend all three Delhi Durbars – in 1877, 1903 and 1911. His title became Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri from 01 Jan 1918. In 1919, he was granted a local salute of 19-guns, and represented India at a League of Nations conference in Geneva in 1921. Khengarji was very progressive and did lots of reforms and developments in Kutch during his reign.
    • Vijayaraja S/o Khengarji III……………….15 Jan 1942 – 15 Aug 1947
  • Vijayaraja S/o Khengarji III (continued)…………15 Aug 1947 – 26 Feb 1948
  • In year 1947, upon advice of Gandhiji, 15,000 acres (61 km2) of land was donated by him for re-settlement of refugee Hindu Sindhi community, who migrated across the border into India upon partition. The towns of Gandhidham and Adipur were developed on this land donated by him. He acceded the Princely State of Cutch to the Dominion of India on 16th August, 1947. As he was in London for medical treatment at the time India gained independence, he took a decision from there only and the Instrument of Accession of Kutch was signed on his behalf by the Heir & his son Yuvraj Meghraji. Upon death of his father on 26 February 1948, Yuvraj Sahib Meghraji under the new name and style of Madansinghji ruled for a short period, when the administration of Princely State was completely merged in to Union of India.
  • Madan Singh S/o Vijayaraja……………………..26 Feb 1948 – 01 Jun 1948
  • Kutch State was formed out of the territory of the former princely state of Cutch, whose ruler (Maharao Sri Vijayaraji) had acceded to the Dominion of India with effect from 15 August 1947. The administration of Kutch after accession remained in the hands of its former ruler until his death on 26 February 1948, when it then passed to his son, Maharao Shri Meghraji. Other Princely State ruled by Jadeja clan of Rajputs are Dhrol: c.1535-1948, Morvi (Morbi): c.1698-1948, Nawanagar: c.1535-1948 and Rajkot: c.1620-1948.
  • Pretenders of Kutch Princely State
  • Madan Singh S/o Vijayaraja (continued)…………..01 Jun 1948 – 21 Jun 1991
  • As the last ruler of Kutch, he was very close to Jawaharlal Nehru. He joined Indian Foreign Service in 1953, served as Hon Minister-Counselor at London 1953-1956, Ambassador to Norway 1957-1960, and Chile 1960-1961. In 1962 his brother Himmatsinhji became the member of the Lok Sabha representing the Kutch community. Madan Singh died on 21 June 1991 in London. He had  three sons and two daughters. His eldest son Pragmulji III was named as his successor, scion of Jadeja dynasty and Maharaja of Kutch.
  • Pragmulji III S/o Madan Singh…………………..21 Jun 1991 – date
  • He was installed in the Tila-medi at Prag Mahal Palace, Bhuj on 17 October 1991 upon demise of his father.

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